October 9, 2020 - World Egg Day
World Egg Day is celebrated every year on the second friday in October, and this year we celebrate it on October 9, with the aim of emphasizing the importance of this extremely nutritious food in the daily diet.
Žito grupa is the largest egg producer in the Republic of Croatia with a production of 140 million eggs per year. 220,000 laying hens are housed on the laying hen farm in Vuka, and another 250,000 laying hens on the Piko farm in Jastrebarsko. Laying hens are in enriched cage and floor breeding, in accordance with all European Union regulations. At both locations there is a sorting room and packing center for eggs, where eggs are sorted and packed according to customer requirements.
Laying hens are fed with high-quality food from our own production and, like other activities of the Žito Group, the production of fresh eggs is characterized by a complete traceability process. The members and activities of the Žito Group, which also include DOBRO meat products, Tena oil as well as Tena flour and semolina, are mutually coordinated and consistently perform activities on the journey from raw materials to the final consumer. Thanks to their controlled origin, the eggs bear the label Eggs of Croatian Farms awarded by the Croatian Agricultural Agency. With such a production process, Žito Group provides the labels Meat of Croatian Farms, Flour of Croatian Fields and Milk of Croatian Farms for all its food products.
That eggs are a very important and healthy food is shown by the fact that production in the world is continuously growing and in 2018 amounted to 76.8 million tons. The largest producer is China with production of 466 trillion in 2018. The largest consumers are the Japanese, who consume an average of 19 kg of eggs per capita, or 368 eggs per capita per year. In Croatia, that number is more modest, so Croats, according to the CBS, consume 11 kg of eggs per capita per year, while the European Union average is 12.6 kg. Although egg production in Croatia is one of the few activities in which we are self-sufficient, the import of cheaper goods is still present.
Eggs are a very healthy and useful food for the human body, and their popularity is ensured by the fact that they can be prepared in various ways and are an indispensable ingredient in many dishes. Egg consumption has a beneficial effect on brain and cardiovascular function, as well as on the health of the eyes, skin, hair and nails. One egg contains between 4.5 and 6 g of high-value proteins that are fully utilized in the body. Egg white is considered an ideal source of protein because it contains all the essential amino acids in the right proportions. Of the total fat in the egg, more than half is unsaturated fatty acids. Yolk is the largest source of choline - an amino acid, which plays a key role in brain development, better metabolism and is very important for pregnant women. They also contain lutein, which is important for eye health, as well as iron, which, like that in meat, has a high bioavailability. Eggs are also a good source of selenium, iodine, phosphorus, vitamins B2, B5, B12 and vitamins D and E.